All dogs must learn how to walk on a leash without pulling because one question arises by most of the peoples that what is the least effective method to retrieve a dog that has got off leash? So let’s answer this question.
This is one of the most fundamental skills that puppies need to begin learning from a very young age. Walking a dog that pulls on the leash is not only stressful but can also cause strain and injury to the dog’s neck. To help your dog overcome this problem you have to first realize that dogs are not born knowing how to walk on a leash and must be taught using patience and positive reinforcement.
The good news is that there are a lot of things that you can do to stop or prevent your dog from pulling and make walking a much more enjoyable experience for both you and your dog, but first let’s take a look at why dogs pull in the first place. There are two main reasons: the first is that dogs are interested in exploring their environment. Their sense of smell is a primary source of information and the environment is full of things to sniff. Walking a young dog is also a very stimulating experience and can trigger a lot of excitement.
Combine this with a lack of self-control and you get a strong motivation to pull. The second reason why dogs pull is because they are so easily reinforced for pulling. Anytime that there is tension on the leash and the dog is sniffing, they’re actually learning to pull and will do it more a lot of the time this happens by accident and we might even reinforce and teach pulling behavior without knowing it or wanting it. Also Read: how to keep a dog from pooping in your yard
This can become a vicious cycle that may start small but the more your dog pulls the more they learn that pulling is effective in meeting their needs and they will be more likely to continue or even increase the amount of pulling over time. Dogs have an opposition reflex which is a natural tendency to pull against pressure that is applied on the leash. By reinforcing the behavior of giving in to the leash you can establish the framework for what comes next.
Start this exercise with your dog on a leash in a low distraction environment. Begin by applying very gentle pressure on the leash and the moment the dog gives into it mark the behavior with a word or a clicker and reinforce. Instead of letting the tension become a negative consequence we are focused on teaching the dog how to react to tension so he wants to keep the leash loose. Practice this a few times until your dog gets the idea and also notice that I’m not using any verbal cues at this point. Yes!
Yes! The leash is not meant to be used to control or direct your dog. At this early stage the goal is to teach the dog to want to stay with you and pay attention to your movement Watson, let’s go! It’s important to know your dog and use what they find to be distracting remember that you can always add or remove distractions based on how the dog is doing set them up to be successful at every stage take this exercise into other environments and around more distractions.
If your dog fails to pay attention go back to working on leash pressure or lower the reward criteria this is how you can start building the foundation for loose leash walking for puppies itis far more effective to teach them what you want them to do instead of punishing them for not understanding human rules As the dog gets better at this with practice you can start to lower the amount of food reinforcement and begin training for more advanced loose leash walking.