Plastics Classifications: Advantages and Disadvantages


Plastics are used to protect you from the elements whether you’re travelling by TV, computer, or bus. Plastics will be required for all of these tasks, including going to the doctor, buying food, and so forth. 

So, let’s look at the advantages and disadvantages of plastics in human life.

First, what are plastics made of, and how are they formed?

Specifically, how and why do we utilise plastic in our everyday lives?

  • Earth-based resources are used in the production of polymers. Who knew rubber plants could produce plastic? A natural rubber product.
  • As a replacement for ivory and tortoiseshell, the first polymers were developed in the 1800s. Synthetic polymers were created in a laboratory using cellulose from plants and trees for the first time. Using cellulose and other chemicals, you created this in the lab.
  • Salt is one of the essential ingredients of modern polymers. You may use hydrocarbons from natural gas, oil, and coal to make the vast majority of these products.

The foundations of plastic chemistry are simple, despite how complicated they may seem. In your high school science courses, did you cover this topic in any detail? Polymer atoms are linked together like DNA strands because they are composed of the same materials.

These long chains are known as polymers in the scientific community. They all have “poly” in their names, as you can see from the list above. Carbon and hydrogen are the two most frequent elements in polymers, and they may also include oxygen and nitrogen in the mixture. Silicon and phosphorus may also be found in polymers. Plastics refer to all of these polymers.

Even though plastics have a wide range of polymers, they are often viewed as light and durable.

It’s hard to imagine a material more adaptable than plastic, which can be moulded into an almost infinite number of forms and sizes (including textile threads). Coatings, sealants, and adhesives made out of plastics are plentiful.

Plastics are categorised based on the substance they are formed from.

To appreciate the difficulties of recycling and upcycling plastic and the health risks associated with plastic use and consumption, you need to know the variety of plastics. The idea of “complexity” comes into play here. This article is a suitable beginning place for those who have no previous understanding of the subject area.

Before we can understand the most common plastics we see, we need to be acquainted with recycling codes and characteristics.” An event-by-event timeline is provided below:

In the plastics business, a chemical compound known as PEt is used (PET or PETE). This polymer is one of the most often used. It is commonly used in food packaging and textiles because of its low weight, durability, and clarity (polyester). In the case of polyester garments and rope, the liquids from recycled bottles of water or other liquids may be utilised.

Terephthalate (HDPE) polyethene (High-Density Polyethylene)

Polyethene is an umbrella term for a broad variety of polyethene densities. This material, polyethene terephthalate (PET), is the world’s most often used. Packages, pipes, various building components are some of the numerous uses of high-density polyethene.

Milk cartons, detergent bottles, and cereal box liners may all be recycled.

An example of a polymer is vinyl chloride (PVC or Vinyl)

The construction and building industries may substantially benefit from a long-lasting plastic resistance to chemicals and the elements. This makes it incompatible with high-tech applications, such as wiring and cables.

It is often used in medical applications because of its resilience to germs, ease of sterilisation, and design of single-use applications that help reduce hospital infections.

Because PVC may absorb toxic toxins throughout its entire life cycle, we must ensure that PVC is the most dangerous material to human health, For example, vinyl chloride and lead.

In addition to credit cards and human and cat toys, gutters and teething rings are just a few of the many items that might be stolen.

Polyethene terephthalate (PEEK) (LDPE)

Polymers like ABS and PVC, on the other hand, are more rigid and less pliable than HDPE. Use it to protect your furniture and work tables from rusting by covering them with it.

Some examples of throwaway items are sandwich bags, bubble wrap, and plastic/clingwrap wrap. This may be something to consider.

Polypropylene is a kind of plastic (PP)

This is one of the hardest polymers you’ll ever encounter. When bent to the tip, it retains its form and strength for a long period. Food storage and heating with hot chemicals are possible uses of this container.

Several examples include bottle caps, prescription bottles, hot meal tins, packing tape, and disposable diapers.

This product is made out of polystyrene (EPS or Styrofoam)

Known as Styrofoam, it is often used in food packaging and the building of homes and businesses. Polystyrene and polyethene terephthalate (PVC) containers may readily absorb toxins. When it comes to pollutants, Styrene is an excellent example (which is neurotoxic).

Some recyclable things are takeout containers, shipping and product packaging for items like eggs or cutlery made from recycled materials.

A list of the most prevalent polymers found in our surroundings. Once the inquiry begins, it might take months to complete. 

For a multitude of reasons, including its production, transport and usage, understanding plastic is challenging. Plastics, recycling, health risks, and alternative materials will all be discussed at this event. “

There are several benefits to using plastics.

  • Because many plastics have a longer useable life than most other materials, they are ideal for recycling.
  • Plastic manufacturing procedures are superior in terms of both durability and performance to many other materials.
  • Compared to other materials, it is light in weight.
  • These are corrosion-resistant and chemically inert building materials.
  • In addition to being resistant to water, it has good adhesion to the surface.
  • Erosion due to wind and soil are both reduced.

Let’s look at the disadvantages of plastics in human life in a laboratory environment.


  • There’s no such thing as a plastic resource that you can replenish.
  • They become brittle when exposed to low temperatures.
  • These are the deformations that occur when a load is applied.
  • They have poor heat resistance and flexibility.
  • They produce hazardous byproducts when burnt.
  • Thermal Stability is an issue because of poor resistance to solvents.


Plastics were the focus of this essay. So far, we’ve learnt about the advantages and disadvantages of classifying plastics in a laboratory. Reading this article was enjoyable for me, and I hope you could, comprehend the main idea.


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