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Bharat Chhodo Andolan – India’s Fight for Independence

The Bharat Chhodo Andolan, also known as the Quit India Movement, was a crucial milestone in India’s struggle for independence from British colonial rule. This movement, led by Mahatma Gandhi, marked a significant shift in the Indian freedom struggle, as it called for the British to leave India immediately and not wait until the end of World War II, which was their initial plan.

The Buildup to the Bharat Chhodo Andolan

The years leading up to the Quit India Movement were marked by growing discontent among Indians towards British colonial rule. The failure of the Cripps Mission in 1942, which did not promise full independence to India after the war, further fueled this discontent. Additionally, the British government’s decision to involve India in the war efforts without consulting Indian leaders angered many Indians who saw it as a betrayal of their trust.

Launch of the Bharat Chhodo Andolan

On August 8, 1942, in Bombay (now Mumbai), Mahatma Gandhi delivered his famous “Do or Die” speech, calling for _the immediate withdrawal of the British from India. Following this, the All India Congress Committee, under Gandhi’s leadership, passed the Quit India Resolution, demanding the British to Quit India.

Key Leaders of the Movement

  1. Mahatma Gandhi: The father of the Indian independence movement, Gandhi’s call for non-violent civil disobedience was at the heart of the Quit India Movement.
  2. Jawaharlal Nehru: A prominent leader of the Indian National Congress, Nehru played a crucial role in organizing the movement and rallying support for the cause.
  3. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel: Known as the Iron Man of India, Patel’s organizational skills were instrumental in the success of the movement.

The Impact of the Bharat Chhodo Andolan

The Quit India Movement was met with harsh repression from the British authorities. Thousands of Indians were arrested, including the entire Congress leadership, and many were subjected to brutalities and violence. Despite the crackdown, the movement showcased the unity and determination of the Indian people in their fight for freedom.

End of British Rule

The Quit India Movement, though suppressed by the British, played a pivotal role in hastening the end of colonial rule in India. The widespread protests and civil disobedience during the movement shook the foundations of the British Raj and garnered international support for India’s independence struggle. India finally gained independence on August 15, 1947, marking the end of nearly 200 years of British colonial rule.


  1. What was the main objective of the Quit India Movement?
  2. The main objective of the Quit India Movement was to demand the immediate withdrawal of the British from India and achieve full independence for the country.

  3. Who were some of the key leaders of the Bharat Chhodo Andolan?

  4. Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel were some of the key leaders of the Quit India Movement.

  5. When did the Quit India Movement officially begin?

  6. The Quit India Movement was launched on August 8, 1942, with Mahatma Gandhi’s “Do or Die” speech in Bombay.

  7. How did the British authorities respond to the Quit India Movement?

  8. The British authorities responded to the Quit India Movement with harsh repression, arresting thousands of Indians, including the entire Congress leadership.

  9. What role did non-violent civil disobedience play in the Quit India Movement?

  10. Non-violent civil disobedience, a tactic championed by Mahatma Gandhi, was at the core of the Quit India Movement and showcased the peaceful resistance of the Indian people against British colonial rule.
Radhe Gupta
Radhe Gupta is an Indian business blogger. He believes that Content and Social Media Marketing are the strongest forms of marketing nowadays. Radhe also tries different gadgets every now and then to give their reviews online. You can connect with him...

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